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Cosmo

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  1. The Oregon Museum of Science and Industry is a science and technology museum in Portland, Oregon, United States. It contains three auditoriums, including a large-screen theatre, planetarium, and exhibition halls with a variety of hands-on permanent exhibits focused on natural sciences, industry, and technology.
  2. Featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not! Eating carrots won’t correct vision problems such as nearsightedness or farsightedness. While consuming carrots will keep your eyes healthy and prevent vision loss—particularly if you have a vitamin A deficiency—they won’t improve your eyesight. If you need glasses or contact lenses, eating extra carrots won’t take care of the problem. Most eye issues are caused by genetics, aging, or diabetes, and a carrot’s beta carotene properties won’t help. The beta carotene converts into a form of vitamin A during digestion called “retinal,” which is important in maintaining normal vision. Dark, leafy green vegetables such as spinach, kale, and collard greens are actually better for your eyes than carrots. These veggies contain more antioxidants such as lutein and zeaxanthin, which can protect your eyes from certain high-energy rays of light that can harm your retina. These greens and their carotenoids can also reduce the advancement of age-related macular degeneration, which can cause blindness. Sweet potatoes are also good for your eyes, and they contain more vitamin A than carrots. Fresh fruit also has vitamins C and E, which are good for your peepers. Most people get enough vitamin A from their diets to keep their eyes healthy and strong. If you don’t get enough vitamin A, you can actually go blind. As many as 500,000 malnourished children lose their eyesight every year due to a vitamin A deficiency. Vitamin A supplements and beta carotene are known to help people see better at night if they suffer from a vitamin deficiency. So, where did the myth about carrots improving your eyesight come from? During World War II, the British government promoted the nutritional value of carrots and their purported night-vision properties. The U.K. Ministry of Food wanted people to eat more carrots during food rationing shortages, according to the World Carrot Museum. The government credited carrots for helping the British Air Force see better while hunting down German aircraft at night. The federal campaign included the slogan, “Carrots Keep You Healthy and Help You See in The Dark.” As a result, the general public believed eating carrots led to improved vision at night, specifically in blackout conditions (a real concern during the war). If you really want the vitamin A benefits from carrots, you should eat them with a fat-soluble vitamin, such as ranch dipping sauce, so your body can fully absorb the antioxidants. And there is such a thing as eating too many carrots. Your body can only convert so much beta carotene to vitamin A, and the rest is just excess. It is also possible to overdose on Vitamin A supplements, so consult a doctor before taking them. Plus, carrots can turn fair skin a shade of orange. By Noelle Talmon, contributor for Ripleys.com Source: Carrots, Eyesight, And World War II Propaganda View the full article
  3. Featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not! The Man In The Moon Believe it or not, one man is buried on the Moon. His name is Eugene Shoemaker, and he pioneered planetary science. Since time immemorial cultures all across the surface of the Earth have seen a face in the side of the Moon facing us. Curiosity getting the better of us, all sorts of legends and fables have been written about who the man in the Moon is and how he got there. Dante wrote that the fratricidal Cain was banished to the Moon. In Chinese traditions, the goddess of the Moon, Chang’e winds up on the moon after drinking an immortality elixir. The first man on the Moon, however, was Neil Armstrong in 1969. He, along with the other astronauts of the Apollo 11 mission explored the lunar surface and collected sample to bring back to Earth. These samples were of particular interest to the man who would eventually end up interred on the Moon. Eugene Shoemaker is often credited with inventing the field of planetary science. Trained as a geologist, Shoemaker melded his discipline with astronomy, using the great space race to study the surfaces of moons, planets, and comets. He trained the astronauts headed to the Moon, and even sat next to Walter Cronkite on air as NASA’s spokesperson on the status of the moon missions. He named many of the craters, valleys, and mountains on the Moon. His contributions proved so great that he even has a whole comet named after him. In 1994, Comet Shoemaker—Levy 9 gained worldwide attention because it crashed into Jupiter. This impact eventually led to scientists realizing that Jupiter acted as an important “vacuum cleaner” for debris that could otherwise pose a threat to the Earth. Shoemaker spent much of his later life trekking across the globe to find impact craters that had gone unnoticed. Tragically, one of these trips ended in a fatal car crash. Eventually, Shoemaker’s ashes were sealed in a metal cylinder and sent to the Moon. His wife, Carolyn, who had made many discoveries alongside her husband had an image of the Hale-Bopp comet inscribed on the outside, along with a quote from Romeo and Juliet: And, when he shall die Take him and cut him out in little stars And he will make the face of heaven so fine That all the world will be in love with night And pay no worship to the garish sun. Since his ashes were interred on the Moon, Shoemaker has remained the only person ever buried on an extraterrestrial surface. Though many companies have offered space burials inspired by science fiction shows like Star Trek, most of these capsules are launched into low Earth orbit. These ashes end up falling into the atmosphere soon after and burn up. Elysium Space, however, wants to send people’s ashes all the way to the Moon, so that they’ll stay in space. The asking price is around ten thousand dollars, which actually matches the average cost of a normal funeral in the United States. Source: The Only Man To Be Buried On the Moon (So Far) View the full article
  4. Featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not! It’s impossible for most people to drive their cars in the water-filled streets of Venice, but with this Italian sports car, waterways are what it was made for. This Ferrari F50 was carved entirely out of wood by master sculptor Livio Di Marchi. The supercar can’t drive on traditional roads, but instead, uses its buoyant frame to float. While the production version could go from zero to 60 in just 3.8 seconds, the 512 horsepower V12 engine has been replaced with an outboard motor that will definitely make you want to row your gondola out of the way. The car is truly one of a kind. The road model may have only had 349 models manufactured, but the wooden 350th was sculpted entirely by hand using only hand chisels. Marchi is a prolific artist, carving a number of other novelty boats as well. He’s whittled replicas of a gull-wing Mercedes, a 1930s Jaguar, and even a wooden Vespa. Popularly known as the “Carpenter of Venice,” Marchi began his obsession with sculpture after studying at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Venice. Finding wood to be a kind of muse that summoned his creativity and spontaneity, he settled on the medium as his favorite. Marchi has even played fairy godfather with his creations, sculpting a floating pumpkin carriage complete with horses for people’s weddings. The man is absolutely obsessed with wood. His home is filled with wooden sculptures, including renderings of beds, teddy bears, clothes, dishes, and even underwear carved by hand. Ripley’s Believe It or Not! has bought a number of Marchi’s works, displaying them in museums all around the world. The wooden F50 once sailed the San Diego Bay with a surfing dog in tow, and it’s returning to the city once more for San Diego Comic-Con as part of the Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Car Lot! Source: Finally, An Italian Sports Car That Can Navigate Venice View the full article
  5. Featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not! While the death of a whale can be a sad sign of polluted waters, food scarcity, or human violence, the gargantuan bodies left behind by these majestic creatures can create a hotbed for life, even as they decompose. Whales can die in a number of ways, many of which are not well observed by science. Some whales get sick and become too weak to keep returning to the surface for air and drown, while others might beach themselves on a nearby coast in distress. Either way, the decomposition process starts immediately. Bacteria in their guts often produces gas that bloats their bodies and causes them to float. Sharks and other carnivorous fish get first dibs on recycling the whale’s body, taking what pieces of flesh, muscle, and blubber they can. Some of these floating whales end up deposited on the shoreline, where land-bound creatures are gifted a unique, but bountiful feast. A whale that sinks to the seafloor as its gassy interior bursts or slowly deflates becomes a unique habitat for bottom-feeding fish and crustaceans. Some fish and sharks are actually believed to thrive specifically on whale corpses, while the flesh, once again, is the prime target for shrimp, eels, and crabs. Sometimes called a whale fall, carcasses that end up in the deep depths of the ocean’s abyss are an important transmission vector for nutrients to an otherwise static part of the ocean. When a 60,000-pound gray whale lands 6,500 feet below the surface of the ocean, it makes an impact. Over the course of months, the soft tissue is completely eaten away. The detritus and material of the whale don’t just provide direct sustenance, however. The nutrients that make it into the soil give rise to plant life and bacterial mats, that in turn are a new food source for the whole biological community. Craig Smith, University of Hawaii/NOAA Even the remaining skeleton can become a basis for colonization, with microorganisms living off the chemical reaction of its decomposition. Anemones specific to whale falls, as well as unique bone-eating zombie worms, make the rotting carcass home. These organisms can be supported for 10 years from a single whale carcass. Whales that don’t reach as deep a resting place can last even longer, as the microbes that break down their bones may not be present. Whale skeletons recovered on land have showcased equally long-lasting effects. A whale carcass taken off the bow of an oil tanker in Massachusetts was reduced to a skeleton and hung in the New Bedford Whaling Museum. The bones of the whale oozed oil—whale oil, unrelated to the tanker—for over 15 years, a demonstration of the longevity of the carcasses biological resources. The oily blue whale/CC Elpriceisright Along the Oregon coast this year, whales have been washing up in record numbers. Fishery officials believe the cause is that the whales’ food has been largely driven south by warming waters. The deaths have meant their shores are inundated with whale carcasses without many optimal places for decomposition. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration had to resort to asking for people to volunteer their backyards for the whales to decompose in. Though the smell might be unbearable, some biologists are excited to see these land decompositions themselves, in real time. Source: Whale Decomposition: The Lifecycle Of A Cetacean Carcass View the full article
  6. If he's a LARP, he's a far better LARP than the internet has ever seen. Some of the "proofs" I see are tenuous or indirect (most of those come from morons on 8ch making the stupidist goddamned connections possible), but it's still interesting and worth following for at least the news and theories alone 🙂 I love Q. Toots is funny too.
  7. Featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not! This Week [July 7-13th, 2019] The world wife-carrying champions, killer cats, an orange seagull, and the rest of the week’s weird news from Ripley’s Believe It or Not! Wife-Carrying Championship Each year, couples battle it out in the World Wife-Carrying Championship. Held in Finland, contestants must have the wife ride on the backs of their husbands while navigating a 278-yard obstacle course. This year’s winners, the Kirkliauskas set a new best time, completing the challenge in just one minute and 6.72 seconds. Via World Wife Carrying Championship Surviving Niagara Though a handful of people have survived a trip down Niagara Falls in barrels, one man recently made the journey with absolutely nothing protecting his body. The man who eluded police and climbed over a retaining wall threw himself in the river and was carried over Horseshoes Falls—the largest of the three falls at Niagara. Surviving a nearly 200-foot drop, the man was later found by police sitting on some rocks with no serious physical injuries. Orange Seagull Wildlife officials in Buckinghamshire, UK, were informed that a very strange looking bird was having trouble in the area. Onlookers said it looked like a seagull, but was bright orange. Tiggywinkles Wildlife Hospital was eventually able to catch the bird and discovered it was indeed a seagull, but its orange skin was not natural. The bird apparently had gotten into a vat of turmeric. After a much-needed bath, he was released back into the wild. Facebook Group Plans Area 51 Raid While a recent episode of the Ripley’s Believe It or Notcast took a close look at how Area 51 was set up and most of what goes on there, the public at large still has many theories about the facility’s association with the extra-terrestrial. Hoping to thwart the base’s security—which mostly consists of inhospitable desert—a group of 400,000 people has pledged to blitz the facility to “see them aliens.” An Area 51 warning sign. Killer Cats While the adverse effects of letting house cats roam in the wild have been known for some time, experts in Australia have just recently been able to quantify their impacts. According to their research, free-roaming and feral felines kill over 2 billion native animals per year. They estimate that in just one day 1.8 million reptiles, 1.3 million birds, and 3.1 million mammals fall to kitten paws. Source: World Wife Carrying Championship Bested In Just Over One Minute View the full article
  8. Featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not! Almost everyone’s heard of the 8×8 rule. Specifically, it states that one needs to drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water every day in order to take in the necessary amount of water to stay healthy. While this advice seems to be universally understood, although almost no one follows it, it’s important to consider where it actually came from and whether or not it’s really accurate. Who Started the 8×8 Rule? The 8×8 rule seems to have come from one of two places. A 1945 report published by the National Research Council’s Food and Nutrition Board stated that to stay hydrated, people need to take in one milliliter of water for every calorie they consume. Since the advised daily intake of calories is around 2,000 each day, this would mean the same individual would need to drink 2,000 milliliters of water to match it. This roughly translates to about eight 8-ounce glasses of water. A book written by Dr. Frederick Stare in 1974 also offers the advice that people should take in 6 to 8 glasses of water per day. However, both of these publications mentioned that water can be found in other places than just its purest, drinkable form. They both mentioned that one can eat fruits and other foods high in water content to get their daily water intake. In addition, they mentioned almost every beverage you can drink—from tea to coffee to soda to beer—contains some form of water. So, Should I Drink 8 Glasses a Day? In truth, eight glasses might actually be overkill. You’re taking in water from many different sources throughout your day, and those who are eating healthy foods like fresh fruits and vegetables, meats, and dairy are taking in even more. Even those who drink beer moderately are getting their water intake from this substance, as one must drink quite a lot of beer before the diuretic effect takes hold. Therefore, it’s probably best not to make yourself crazy trying to hit this mark. How Much Water Should I Drink? Scientifically speaking, women are meant to ingest 2.7 liters of water a day, while for men, it’s 3.7. However, this is considering water coming from all sources, and you’re already likely taking in more of than you realize. The best way to gauge how much water you should drink is to pay attention to your body and notice when you feel thirsty. Feeling hungry can also be a sign that you’re in need of hydration, and this is why drinking more water is almost always recommended for those hoping to lose weight. However, drinking more water itself doesn’t actually help you shed the pounds but instead makes you less likely to eat when you’re not hungry. If you are a long-distance runner, someone who lives in a hot climate, breastfeeding, or living an especially active lifestyle, you may want to be a little more focused on your water intake, as you’ll need more of it than the average sedentary but healthy person. Still, drinking too much water can cause a problem called water intoxication. Water intoxication can even be fatal, though it doesn’t happen too often to people who aren’t professional athletes or coping with an illness. You may be looking for a definitive answer when it comes to how much water you should drink, but every person and their lifestyle is different. Therefore, try to remember to stay hydrated and to drink when you’re thirsty, but don’t overdo it. By Julia Tilford, contributor for Ripleys.com Source: Do You Really Just Need 8 Glasses Of Water A Day? View the full article
  9. Did I miss the alien mothership?
  10. Cosmo

    Odom Chan

    I ended up reading the whole thing before bed the other night... Super weird. Not the best idea I've had 😉 I've not had time to extract all the text and stuff but this is really fascinating stuff. Not necessarily because of the aliens, but the manifesto-style way its presented. The Christchurch shooter's manifesto was interesting as well. Gives you a nice peek into the minds of these sort of people.
  11. Mister X is correct - A lot of TV shows take a piece like this and then compose their own arrangement. Just because it exists on a show doesn't mean its been released on a CD or iTunes somewhere.
  12. Shazam is pretty good but I haven't used it in years... https://www.shazam.com/
  13. Where did you grow up? I've never heard of any of those... I used to watch: Inspector Gadget G.i. Joe Transformers Chip & Dale Rescue Rangers Mr. Wizard Shows like that... Late Gen-X early Millennial stuff (though I refuse to consider myself a Millenial). Definitely not Power Rangers. That shit was stupid even then.
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